Where we work
Jharkhand occupies the northeastern part of the Deccan Plateau and covers 79,714 sq km. Chhotanagpur plateau, its most prominent physiographic feature, is actually a series of flat-topped plateaus, hills and valleys. The state is drained by three major river systems: Damodar, Subarnarekha and Brahmani. The total recorded forest area is 23,605 sq km, which is 29.61% of its geographical area. Both tropical dry-deciduous, and moist-deciduous forests are found. Indigenous tribal communities like Munda, Oraon, Ho, Santhal, Paharia, Chero, constitute 25% of the 27 million-strong population. The state’s tenure regimes have historically recognised community tenure over common lands, including forests.
What we do
FES works with partner NGOs, PHIA Foundation and Institute of Community Forestry Governance (ICFG), in eight districts, to strengthen traditional, community-led conservation and management of forests, through the effective implementation of the Forest Rights Act, 2006.
Chaingara village, with 344 households, applied for CFR over 450 acres of forests they traditionally protected, in 2015. The Institute of Community Forestry Governance mobilised the Gram Sabha and helped form a CFR management committee. It also helped prepare conservation and management plans, including rules for access and benefit-sharing. In 2019, Jharkhand Bijli Vitran Nigam wanted to construct electricity transmission lines through the community forests area. Contracted workers, unaware of the Forest Rights Act, felled trees, which the Gram Sabha opposed. After negotiations, Rs 2.34 lakh compensation was paid to the Gram Sabha in 2020 by the Nigam for access to lay the transmission line inside the CFR area.