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Madanapalle, Andhra Pradesh
         
Agro-ecological Zone : Eastern Ghats, Tamilnadu Uplands and Deccan Plateau   Project Districts : Chittoor and Anantapur
River basin: : Papagni   Mean Annual Rainfall : 934 mm
Major Soil Types : Medium to deep red loamy soils   Forest Types : Mixed Dry-deciduous, Tropical Thorn Forests and Scrub Forests
Major Habitats : Forests, Grazing lands, Wetlands, Agriculture Lands   Nearest Protected Area : Nallamalai Biosphere Reserve
Threatened Species : Yellow Throated Bulbul, Starred Tortoise, Chloroxylonswietenia, Anogeissuslatifolia   Percentage of Common Lands including Forest : 57%
Percentage of People Living below Poverty Line : 58%   Percentage of Scheduled Castes/Tribes : 20%
Area Under Protection : 13831 ha   Village Institutions Associated With : 235
Total Households of Project Villages : 12,346   Indigenous Communities : Naik, Sugali, Yanadi, Irula

Description

Our project area in Madanapalle is located in the Papagni river basin, and stretches across two semi-arid districts of Chittoor and Anantapur in Southern Andhra Pradesh. Located at the tri-junction of the Deccan Plateau, the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats, the area peculiarly exhibits ecological features of all three. It is marked by broken hill ranges and forestlands on the ridges, revenue wastelands and farmlands on the lowers lopes, and valleys dotted with numerous irrigation tanks.

Initiated in 1991, our project presently covers an area of over 13,831 hectares of common land in 235 habitations in the catchment of the river Papagni. We assist 143 habitations under 18 Panchayats to access funds through NREGS, and plan and implement ecological restoration measures. The governance of common lands and degraded forestlands is being taken care by the Vana Samrakshana Samitis (VSS) and Tree Growers' Mutually Aided Cooperative Societies (TGMACS) through our aid and assistance.

As both animal husbandry and agriculture are profiting from re-vegetation over contiguous stretches of common lands and forestlands, improved biodiversity, and revived nutrient and hydrological regimes, we are shifting our focus to further encourage community discussions on the various inter-linkages of the ecosystems.

We have undertaken detailed assessments of ecological aspects of the region, and quantified the availability and demand of biomass and water. We are trying to reach to the mass in their colloquial expressions. We are mobilizing a cadre of rural volunteers who will assist villages and the Panchayat, to visualize and formulate a conservation and development agenda for the region.

NREGA has opened up opportunities to undertake ecological restoration measures at a landscape level, thus enabling us to explore ways of revitalizing farming systems, in a region prone to agriculture distress. We look forward to enhance our understanding of the impact of climate change on biodiversity, animal husbandry, and rain-fed agriculture so we may arrive at location-specific, corrective measures.

 

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