A recently carved district of Rajasthan, Pratapgarh is situated at the junction of the Aravalli mountain ranges and the Malwa Plateau and displays a unique amalgamation of characteristics of both. The area has a predominance of tribal Common lands (grazing and forest lands) are vital components of the landscape. However, a combination of factors including unfavourable tenurial arrangements, eroding protection and management systems, overgrazing and illegal tree felling has left them increasingly degraded over the years.
This watershed programme aims at establishing a process of conservation and management of natural resources, while constantly innovating area-specific methods for improving farming practices and propelling livelihood opportunities toward better income generation for the tribal populations. Interventions toward greater stability of natural surroundings are seen as a causal effect for more specific objectives such as increasing water availability, improving agricultural productivity, enhancing rural livelihoods and strengthening institutional arrangements. Efforts of FES are directed towards building and strengthening the institutional processes at the habitation, village, Panchayat and federation levels to set in place processes of local self governance. Special focus is on enhancing the participation of community members, especially the poor and marginalised, in the planning and implementation of watershed development work in the region.
The project is supported by NABARD under the Indo-German Watershed Development Programme (IGWDP). The IGWDP is an integrated programme for rehabilitation of watersheds for the regeneration of natural resources. The programme is implemented by the Village Watershed Committees (VWC- a body nominated by villagers), in association with Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs).
National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)