The Satkosia Gorge Wildlife Sanctuary in Orissa is spread over an area of 530.01 sq. km. The Sanctuary is biodiversity-rich, with about 38 mammals (including 11 tigers, 19 leopards and 155 elephants), 126 birds, 28 reptiles, 4 amphibians (including the endangered Gharial) and 183 species of fish. About 400 species of plants have been recorded in the Sanctuary. The Sanctuary has 35 villages in the core area, 80 villages in the buffer zone and 105 villages in the periphery. More than 60% of the population in the area lives below the poverty line. People of about 200 odd villages depend on the Sanctuary and its buffer areas for their fuel wood, grazing and other biomass requirements, exerting heavy biotic pressure on the Sanctuary.
FES is presently working in 25 villages in the periphery of the Sanctuary for biodiversity conservation and community livelihoods. This project involves planting 30,000 trees in the periphery of the Satkosia Sanctuary in Orissa. Afforestation in these areas would ease the burden on the buffer zones, and reduce man-animal conflict. The improved vegetation outside the forest area would supplement the biomass needs of the local community and provide them with diversified farm & non-farm livelihood options.