Owing to an undulating topography, coupled with loose and sandy to sandy-loam soil, the embankments of the 100-mile long river Mahi are highly susceptible to land degradation and erosion. The absence of vegetative cover aggravates the situation, leading to the formation of deep gullies and ravines on the commons and private lands of the area. Ravines not only impact the provisioning of ecosystem goods and services such as food, fuel wood, fibre and water regulation, but are also responsible for the loss of arable land which in turn threatens the livelihoods of the poorest farmers with marginal landholdings.
The project has been initiated with the objective of checking the further spread of ravines and stabilizing the highly degraded and ravined lands in villages along river Mahi. The project is being implemented by FES in two ravine-affected villages of Thasra taluka of Kheda district. It attempts to:
- Improve vegetative cover on common lands of ravine affected villages and check soil erosion through appropriate soil and water conservation measures.
- Strengthen institutional mechanisms and tenure arrangements over common lands to improve governance of natural resources and stabilisation of the eroded ravine lands.
- Improve the socio-economic status and strengthen / stabilise the livelihoods of small and marginal farmers by improving the health of degraded private and agricultural lands.
National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)